Tag archives: contracts

ContractorCheck Canada App

Employee or contractor? The ContractorCheck Canada application (App) is a practical tool developed by the Norton Rose Fulbright employment and labour team. It is designed to help employers accurately determine the status of their workforces and whether they should be considered contractors or employees. Defining employees versus contractors can be sometimes challenging; improperly classifying them … Continue reading

Le devoir de vigilance : une obligation renforcée

L’obligation de vigilance est une obligation faite aux entreprises de prévenir les risques sociaux, environnementaux et de gouvernance lié à leurs activités. La loi du 27 mars 2017 relative au devoir de vigilance des sociétés mères et des entreprises donneuses d’ordre, publiée le 28 mars 2017 au Journal Officiel, renforce l’obligation de vigilance. Le devoir … Continue reading

Update regarding protection against religion-based discrimination in France

In France, the issue of religious behavior in the workplace is extremely sensitive. The principle under French employment law is that while public sector employers are required to enforce a policy of strict neutrality, in private sector companies, a balance must be maintained between the principle of secularism and the prohibition of discrimination based on … Continue reading

Courts Continue to Chip Away at Restrictive Covenants

Powell River Industrial Sheet Metal Contracting Inc. (P.R.I.S.M.) v Kramchynski, 2016 BCSC 883, is a decision from the Supreme Court of British Columbia that dealt with the enforcement of a restrictive covenant in the context of a commercial transaction. The decision stands for the proposition that a court may refuse to enforce a restrictive covenant … Continue reading

What rights and protections are there for part-time workers?

This post was also contributed by Dimitri Schaff, Trainee, Norton Rose Fulbright LLP (Munich). Currently, about one quarter of all employment relationships in Germany are based on part-time models, the proportion of part-time to full-time employees having increased by about 12 per cent since 2001. Furthermore, as a result of the implementation of the EU Part-time Workers … Continue reading

What rights and protections are there for workers on zero hours contracts in Germany?

Unlike in the U.K. and other EU member states, zero hours contracts are not (yet) common practice in Germany. To date, other arrangements aimed at achieving “flexible working” such as fixed-term or part-time contracts, secondment of personnel and – more recently – contracts to provide services have been more widespread. However, as German case law … Continue reading

Testing the limits of reasonableness: Alberta Court quashes arbitration decision on random drug testing.

In the recent decision of Suncor Energy Inc v Unifor Local 707A, 2016 ABQB 269 [Suncor] the Court of Queen’s Bench found that an arbitration board’s decision was unreasonable and sent it back for rehearing by a fresh panel. The decision stems from the implementation of a random drug and alcohol testing policy in 2012. … Continue reading

Is it possible for employers to change the terms of employment contracts?

At first sight, the answer to this question would be: only by mutual agreement. But once you take a closer look there are many ways and situations that make it possible for an employer to unilaterally change the contractual terms. Collective bargaining agreements (CBAs) are binding for members of those employers’ associations (firms)  and labour … Continue reading

When is an offer a contract? The Ontario Superior Court rules on the consequence of using “offer letters” and “employment agreements”.

In September 2015, in Buaron v Acuity Ads Inc, 2015 ONSC 5774, the Ontario Superior Court of Justice ruled that if an employer and employee come to an initial agreement (in this case, the “Offer Letter”) that has all the elements of a contract, a subsequent agreement (in this case, a formal employment contract) won’t … Continue reading

Enforcing employee restraints of trade after termination of employment – an update

The legal framework for post-contractual non-compete covenants is unchanged since our last post on the topic in 2013. It is nevertheless worth mentioning the following interesting court decisions which deal with the enforceability of employee restraints and the employer’s obligation to pay compensation: Pursuant to the statutory provisions in sec. 74 et. seq. German Commercial … Continue reading

Hitting a moving target: a year of expansion for federal contractor regulation and enforcement

Over the past year, the bar for U.S. federal contractor compliance has been raised considerably.  Between the Executive Orders issued by President Obama and the recent uptick in the number and dollar amount of settlements involving Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs (OFCCP), the risks to contractors who fail to make the leap are greater than … Continue reading

Notice rights – what rights do employees have to notice on termination of employment?

In Canada, particularly in the province of Quebec, the length of notice of termination to which an employee is entitled is fairly generous. In Quebec, the right to notice is mainly governed by two pieces of legislation, namely the Civil Code of Quebec (CcQ) and the Act respecting labour standards (LSA). While the provisions of … Continue reading

Notice Entitlements under the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act

When a company files for bankruptcy, employees are faced with uncertainty on a number of issues. Everything from outstanding wages to benefit entitlements are suddenly at risk. Further, when a company becomes insolvent, employees are often laid off in circumstances that fail to satisfy statutory or common law notice period entitlements. However, under the Bankruptcy … Continue reading

Are Probationary Employees Entitled to Reasonable Notice?

Probationary periods serve an important role in ensuring that employers hire the right person for the job, but what are an employer’s legal obligations when terminating a probationary employee? Specifically, if an employer ultimately decides to terminate a probationary employee, is that employee entitled to reasonable notice of his or her dismissal? Unfortunately, there is … Continue reading

Uber drivers found to be employees in California: Canadian provinces to follow?

A recent decision from the California Labour Commission (the Commission) has held that drivers from the popular Uber service are employees and not independent contractors. This decision has sparked public interest as its implications could bring trouble for the successful mobile-based start-up. In coming down on the side of the drivers, the Commission concluded that … Continue reading

Religious and other beliefs – what protection from discrimination do employees have in France?

The place of religion and other beliefs within the workplace is fairly controversial, especially in France where the principle of secularism is deeply entrenched in the society as a whole. In this context, the pivotal issue is to determine the extent to which employees can be part of a professional environment and still live in … Continue reading

Statutory holiday pay must include commission

This post was co-written by Lindsey Hooper,  Associate, Norton Rose Fulbright LLP (London) The European Court of Justice (the ECJ) has handed down a controversial and potentially costly judgment for employers, holding that commission payments should be taken into account for the purposes of calculating statutory holiday pay under Article 7 of the Working Time … Continue reading

Variable remuneration: French language is mandatory

The legal background One of the main concerns of a business is to ensure its employees’ commitment and to encourage employees’ initiatives in order to fuel innovations and business growth. This is one of the reasons which motivates companies to pay their employees variable remuneration based on their performance. Such remuneration is generally permitted under … Continue reading
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