Tag archives: worker

A Framework for Modern Employment – House of commons report.

The Work and Pensions and Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy Committees have published a joint report on “A framework for modern employment” (the Report) which considers how the employment framework should be amended to reflect the modern workplace. The Report acknowledges that “the expansion of self-employment and business models built around flexible work on digital … Continue reading

Uber appeal – Drivers have worker status

The EAT has dismissed Uber’s appeal against the employment tribunal’s decision that its drivers are ‘workers’ within the meaning of S.230(3)(b) of the Employment Rights Act 1996 (ERA 1996) and the equivalent definitions in the National Minimum Wage Act 1998 (NMWA 1998) and the Working Time Regulations 1998 (WTR 1998).   The EAT held that the … Continue reading

Employee, worker or self-employed?

In UK employment law a person’s employment status determines both their rights and responsibilities. An individual can be an employee, a worker or self-employed.  Whilst traditionally individuals were employees or self-employed there has been a significant rise in “worker” status.  The recent reported case of Aslam and others v Uber BV considered whether drivers had … Continue reading

What rights and protections are there for workers on zero hours contracts in Germany?

Unlike in the U.K. and other EU member states, zero hours contracts are not (yet) common practice in Germany. To date, other arrangements aimed at achieving “flexible working” such as fixed-term or part-time contracts, secondment of personnel and – more recently – contracts to provide services have been more widespread. However, as German case law … Continue reading

The results of an alcohol test do not justify a dismissal if based on unenforceable internal regulations

Under French employment law, the issue of alcohol consumption at the workplace is taken very seriously as it could entail significant risks, not only for the employee and his/her colleagues, but also for the company in general (loss of productivity, reputational risks, etc.). Moreover, the employer is bound by a duty of care towards its … Continue reading

The CFO of a parent company can validly dismiss employees of a subsidiary

French employment law mandates that it is the employer itself who must notify employees of their dismissal. In this context, and for obvious practical reasons, the employer is entitled to delegate the authority to sign the dismissal letter to another person. However, even though case law has long admitted that in certain situations the dismissal … Continue reading

Termination of an employment contract by mutual agreement cannot be used as an alternative to a dismissal

French employment law allows employers and employees to agree on the termination of the employment contract by mutual consent. Such termination must be formalized through the implementation of a “rupture conventionnelle homologuée” (“RCH”) which requires adherence to a formal procedure including, among other things, the requirement to obtain approval from the Labour administration. The advantage … Continue reading

Working time – Are there any restrictions on an employee’s working week?

Employees’ working time is a hot topic in France, the 35 hour week being the centre piece of working time regulations in France. Although the 35 hour week has been repeatedly criticized over the years, it has remained mostly unchanged. French law also includes more specific and complex provisions for various categories of employees. Normal … Continue reading

What protection do employees have against age discrimination in France?

The matter of age discrimination is a particularly sensitive issue in France, where the relatively high unemployment rate of young and aged persons is structural. In this context, there exist specific legal provisions particularly with regard to the employment of young workers. There is also a national-interprofessional collective bargaining agreement with respect to older workers … Continue reading

Employees’ right to holidays in France

Under French law, all employees are granted a right to paid annual leave, which consists of a statutory minimum number of days subject to any more favourable provisions applicable under any collective bargaining agreement to which the employer (or the sector of business in which the employee is active) is party, the employer’s internal practices … Continue reading
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