Topic: Québec

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Québec: what protection from discrimination do employees have on the grounds of sexual orientation?

Canada and particularly the province of Quebec are generally known to be “friendly” towards the rights of the LGBT community, including within the realm of employment. It is interesting to note that the Supreme Court of Canada held in 1995 that although sexual orientation was not specifically listed as a ground for discrimination in the … Continue reading

What right do employees have to a minimum wage in the province of Quebec?

The majority of workers in the province of Quebec are entitled to receive the minimum wage established by the provincial government. The right to the minimum wage is set out in the Act respecting labour standards, which applies to most provincially-regulated employers and employees. Certain categories of workers have clearly been exempted from the minimum … Continue reading

What protection do employees have against discrimination on the ground of age in Québec?

Both the Québec Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms (Québec Charter) as well as the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms (Canadian Charter) provide for the right not to be discriminated against on the ground of age. In the context of employment, the Québec Charter prohibits discrimination based on age with respect to the hiring, … Continue reading

Employment vs. Vocation: Is a Priest an Employee?

A specialized tribunal in Quebec recently decided in Dubois v. Diocèse de Trois-Rivières[1] that a parish priest was neither in the employment of the diocese that appointed him nor the parish corporation for which he was selected to perform his services. Tasked with determining whether an employment relationship existed under the Quebec Occupational Work and … Continue reading

Pénurie de travailleurs spécialisés au Québec : Le Ministère de l’immigration, de la diversité et de l’inclusion met à jour sa liste des professions en demande dans la province

Depuis 2012, le Ministère de l’immigration, de la diversité et de l’inclusion (MIDI) publie annuellement une liste des professions spécialisées en demande dans la province. Les employeurs désirant embaucher des travailleurs étrangers dans les professions qui font partie de cette liste verront leurs démarches facilitées. En effet, ces employeurs seront exemptés – pour les professions … Continue reading

Collective consultation on redundancy – what obligations do employers have?

In the province of Québec, the concept of “redundancy” shall be understood as terminations of employment or layoffs (individual or collective), all as stated in and within the meaning of section 82 and following of the Act Respecting Labour Standards (the ALS).[1] That being said, employers have no formal and legal obligations with regards to … Continue reading

Religious and other personal beliefs – what protection is granted to employees in Québec against discrimination?

The Québec Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms (Québec Charter) as well as the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms (Canadian Charter) confer a right to freedom of religion and prohibit discriminatory practices based on religion. Under the Québec Charter and Canadian Charter, the expression “freedom of religion” has been construed in a broad sense. … Continue reading

Harassment complaint in the workplace and internal investigations: Does procedural fairness apply?

In a recent case, the Quebec Court of Appeal overturned a Court of Quebec judgment and found that procedural fairness standards applicable to administrative law are not applicable to internal investigations into complaints of psychological harassment in the workplace. Facts The appellant was a college professor who was dismissed for psychological harassment of some of … Continue reading

Employeurs canadiens et travailleurs étrangers: méfiez-vous du statut implicite!

Pour les employeurs canadiens qui ont recours au Programme des travailleurs étrangers temporaires, il faut bien souvent demander l’émission favorable d’une Étude d’impact sur le marché du travail. Il s’agit d’une confirmation de la part des autorités selon laquelle l’offre d’emploi temporaire formulée à un étranger a une incidence neutre ou positive ou, à tout … Continue reading

Social Media in the Quebec Workplace

No need to reiterate the omnipresence of social media in our daily environment. Whether it is reading the mayor of Montreal’s latest tweet, browsing a friend’s pictures of his or her newborn on Instagram, or expressing dissatisfaction on our Facebook walls, there exists a multitude of reasons to get lost online. Through their “social” character, … Continue reading

Les tests de dépistage en milieu de travail

Les tests de dépistage au sein des entreprises québécoises sont devenus pratique courante au cours de la dernière décennie. Ceci a forcé les tribunaux à se pencher à plusieurs reprises sur la question de savoir si ces tests contreviennent aux droits fondamentaux des employés. De manière générale, ils ont conclu que les tests de dépistage … Continue reading

Conciliation travail-famille – endeavour to achieve a work life balance in Quebec

In Quebec, time devoted to paid work has considerably increased over the years. Moreover, the number of single-parent families and households where both spouses work is growing. Consequently, we are left with an increasing imbalance between work and family obligations. Quebec is no exception to this rule. Indeed, the Bureau de Normalisation du Québec (BNQ) … Continue reading

Votre salarié vous annonce qu’il démissionne et qu’il quittera ses fonctions dans deux semaines : pouvez-vous mettre un terme immédiatement à son emploi sans payer une indemnité?

À moins de la commission d’une faute grave, tel que l’entend la Loi sur les normes du travail, par le salarié ou d’une entente avec le salarié, la réponse est NON. Cela a été confirmé par la Cour suprême du Canada vendredi dernier, dans son jugement rendu dans l’affaire Québec (Commission des normes du travail) … Continue reading

Employees’ rights to statutory holidays and annual vacation in Quebec

In Quebec, employees’ rights to statutory holidays and annual vacation are governed by the Act Respecting Labour Standards (“ALS”), which foresees the minimum working conditions for Quebec employees. Statutory holidays Quebec employees, working full or part time, benefit from the following statutory holidays (s. 60 ALS): January 1st (New Year’s Day); Good Friday or Easter … Continue reading

Le fardeau financier de l’employé comme critère à la détermination de l’équivalence des recours

Une politique administrative permettant à un employé non-syndiqué de contester son congédiement en arbitrage peut-elle être considérée comme une procédure de réparation équivalente à celle prévue à l’article 124 de la Loi sur les normes du travail (LNT), alors que l’employé doit payer la moitié des honoraires de l’arbitre? C’est cette question inédite sur laquelle … Continue reading

Whistleblowing – What protection do Québec employees have?

Employees owe a duty of loyalty towards their employer. This well-known principle of labour and employment law is particularly set out in statutory law, namely in Section 2088 of the Civil Code of Québec which prohibits any act which may impair or infringe upon the legitimate interests of the employer. An exception to this principle exists … Continue reading

Transfert d’imputation des coûts: nouvelles tendance jurisprudentielle!

Contribution de Jean-Sébastien Cloutier – avocat chez Norton Rose Fulbright à Québec Le principe général d’imputation des coûts prévoit que le coût des prestations dues en raison d’un accident du travail est imputé au dossier financier de l’employeur. Toutefois, certaines dispositions permettent aux employeurs de réduire les coûts attribuables à une lésion professionnelle confiant temporairement … Continue reading

Labour and Employment Law: Year in Review

Norton Rose Fulbright has just released an excellent publication which summarizes the most significant labour and employment law cases decided in 2013, and also shines a light on what to expect in 2014. The Employment and Labour Law Update: A Year in Review reviews several key labour and employment decisions from 2013, on subjects ranging from … Continue reading

The Charter of Values in Québec

In the wake of the Bill 60 debates currently taking place in Quebec, we suggest an analysis of the possible consequences, with regards to labour relations, of the Charter affirming the values of State secularism and religious neutrality and of equality between women and men, and providing a framework for accommodation requests (“Charter“). Indeed, it … Continue reading

ATTENTION AUX EMPLOYEURS : SURVEILLEZ VOS DÉLAIS ET VOS CAMÉRAS-VIDÉOS!

L’employeur peut-il installer des caméras-vidéos sur les lieux du travail pour des raisons opérationnelles?  Telle est la question  se posant dans l’affaire Syndicat des travailleurs de Continental Asphalte (C.S.N.). et 9163-7272 Québec inc. (division de Construction DJL inc.), AZ-51013413, rendue le 26 septembre 2013 par l’arbitre Nicolas Cliche. L’arbitre est saisi d’un grief du syndicat … Continue reading

The employer’s duty to accommodate: third parties may have a say

This article was prepared with the assistance of Josée Beaudoin, student at Norton Rose Fulbright Canada LLP (Montreal) Service establishments whose mission is to respond to the needs of a specific group of users may take these needs into account when providing reasonable accommodation. An arbitral decision determined that a professional requirement with discriminatory effects could be … Continue reading

What employee childcare rights must an employer respect in the province of Quebec?

The Act respecting labour standards (“ALS”) sets out a number of rights when it comes to an employee’s immediate family. The most commonly known family rights are without a doubt maternity leave (18 weeks), paternity leave (5 weeks) and parental leave (52 weeks).  While these leaves are unpaid under the ALS, the Quebec Parental Insurance Plan (“QPIP”) does … Continue reading

Obligation de civilité et mauvaise attitude… Mesure administrative ou disciplinaire?

Les employeurs québécois le savent… lorsqu’ils sont régis par une convention collective de travail et qu’ils imposent des mesures disciplinaires, ces dernières sont susceptibles d’être révisées par un arbitre de griefs, particulièrement en raison de l’approche fondée sur la gradation des sanctions. En effet, l’article 100.12 f) du Code du travail prévoit que l’arbitre peut … Continue reading

Un syndicat peut-il déposer un grief contre le maire d’une ville pour contester ses déclarations à l’endroit des employés syndiqués?

Cet article a été rédigé par Me Marie-Andrée Larouche, avocate Norton Rose Fulbright Canada (Montréal) Dans une affaire récente impliquant la Ville de Québec et le Syndicat des fonctionnaires municipaux de Québec, la Ville de Québec conteste la compétence de l’arbitre, Me Gilles Desnoyers, de se saisir du grief syndical déposé suite aux déclarations du maire … Continue reading
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