Tag archives: salary

France implements new social measures to face the pandemic

The first COVID-19 cases appeared in France a few weeks ago and French people have been in lockdown since March 17. The repercussions of this pandemic are significant, and the Government has been authorized, by Emergency Act No. 2020-290 of 23 March 2020, to take measures through ordinances (which means that no debate is required before Parliament, and the ordinances are voted directly by the Council of Ministers).

Several ordinances on employment-related matters were adopted by the Council of Ministers on 27 March 2020, and published. A decree was also issued to extend the rules of reduction in activity (short-time … Continue Reading

La France face à la pandémie : les mesures sociales s’organisent

Le COVID-19 a fait son apparition en France il y a quelques semaines déjà et les Français sont confinés depuis le 17 mars dernier. Les répercussions de cette pandémie sont importantes, et le Gouvernement a été autorisé, par la loi n° 2020-290 du 23 mars 2020 d’urgence pour faire face à l’épidémie de covid-19, à prendre des mesures par voie d’ordonnance.

Plusieurs ordonnances ont été adoptées en Conseil des ministres le 27 mars 2020, et publiées au Journal Officiel, en matière sociale. Un décret est venu élargir les règles de l’activité partielle. De nouvelles ordonnances sont par ailleurs venues compléter … Continue Reading

France combats the pandemic

Since January 2020, Coronavirus COVID-19 has spread rapidly around the world, causing massive disruption to business and everyday life as well as thousands of deaths.

The French Government has reacted in several stages. After issuing recommendations for barrier measures, it decided to close schools and more recently, it ordered the general confinement of French people and the closure of many establishments deemed non-essential in order to protect public health. The Government’s latest recommendations for employers can be found here (available in French only).

Consequently, for companies operating in France, three types of employees can be distinguished (excluding sick employees, who … Continue Reading

Hausse du salaire minimum au Québec

À compter du 1er mai 2020, le salaire minimum au Québec sera haussé de 0,60 $ l’heure, pour atteindre 13,10 $ l’heure, soit une augmentation de 4,8 % par rapport au salaire minimum en vigueur (12,50 $ l’heure)[i]. Le Québec emboîte ainsi le pas à l’Alberta, à l’Ontario et à la Colombie-Britannique en haussant le salaire minimum au-dessus de la barre de 13 $ l’heure. Cette hausse touchera 409 100 travailleurs au Québec. Alors que certains y voient une augmentation du pouvoir d’achat des travailleurs à faible revenu, d’autres y voient un effort insuffisant de la part … Continue Reading

What are an employer’s chances of overcoming an employee’s claim for overtime in France ?

The basic working time arrangement in France is 35 hours per week, and although there are a number of alternative working time arrangements potentially available, this is still the one that applies to the majority of French employees. However, this is not a maximum working week – employees working beyond that amount are entitled to overtime.

Employers must be able to prove the actual number of hours worked by their employees and must therefore ensure such hours are properly recorded. In the absence of proper records, the employer may have difficulties in overcoming a claim for overtime payments made by … Continue Reading

The strict conditions that must be complied with to pay variable remuneration in France

Whilst an employer is perfectly free to offer variable remuneration to an employee, the validity of such remuneration is subject to compliance with a number of conditions developed by the courts, as follows:

– the variation of the remuneration must be based on objectives or targets the accomplishment of which are independent from the employer’s will,

– such variation may not transfer the company’s operating risk onto the employee,

– it cannot result in reducing the total remuneration of the employee below the legal minimum wage.

If any of the conditions is not met, the clause is deemed to be … Continue Reading

Loi Pacte : Que faut-il en attendre dans les relations employeurs / salariés ?

La loi « Pacte » (Loi relative à la croissance et la transformation des entreprises) a été adoptée en lecture définitive par l’Assemblée Nationale le 11 avril dernier, après de longs mois de débats devant l’Assemblée Nationale et le Sénat.

Elle a fait l’objet d’un recours devant le Conseil Constitutionnel, saisi le 16 avril dernier. Les commentaires ci-dessous sont donc sous réserve de la décision de cette instance.

Le but affiché de cette loi est de donner aux entreprises, notamment les TPE, ETI et PME, les moyens d’innover, de se transformer, de grandir et de créer des emplois. Cependant, cette … Continue Reading

Bericht zur Gleichstellung und Entgeltgleichheit erstmals in 2018 aufzustellen!

Die Umsetzung guter Vorsätze: Erstmaliger Entgeltbericht nach dem Entgelttransparenzgesetz

Ganz oben auf der To-Do-Liste für 2018 steht – neben den Vorsätzen für das neue Jahr – für viele Unternehmen die erstmalige Aufstellung des Berichts zur Gleichstellung und Entgeltgleichheit nach dem Entgelttransparenzgesetz. Der Bericht ist im Jahr 2018 erstmals zu erstellen – Berichtszeitraum ist dabei das Kalenderjahr 2016 – und dem nächsten Lagebericht nach § 289 HGB als Anlage beizufügen sowie im Bundesanzeiger zu veröffentlichen.

Wer ist betroffen?

Betroffen sind alle Arbeitgeber mit in der Regel mehr als 500 Beschäftigten, die zur Erstellung eines Lageberichts (§§ 264 und 289 HGB) verpflichtet … Continue Reading

Geplantes Entgelttransparenzgesetz

Mit dem geplanten Entgelttransparenzgesetz will die Bundesregierung Lohnunterschiede zwischen Frauen und Männern abschaffen. Durchschnittlich ist die Vergütung von Frauen in gleichwertigen Positionen 7 Prozent niedriger als die von Männern. Dieser sogenannte „Gender Pay Gap“ soll mit dem am 11. Januar 2017 vom Bundeskabinett beschlossenen „Gesetz zur Förderung der Transparenz von Entgeltstrukturen“ bekämpft werden.

Mehr zum Thema finden Sie in einer Kolumne von Rechtsanwältin Dr. Anja Lingscheid.

 … Continue Reading

Watch out for “free” labour this year

With high school and post-secondary students heading back to the classroom this September, many Ontario employers are on the lookout for co-op students or student interns. Co-ops and internships can be mutually beneficial arrangements for both employers and students, helping students gain meaningful work experience while allowing employers to effectively recruit future employees.

However, with controversy recently swirling around “unpaid internships,” some employers may be uneasy about the notion of taking on a student. And employers have good reason to be cautious. In general,  if a student performs work or supplies services for a person or company, that individual is … Continue Reading

Fair P(l)ay in Germany? – What measures are in place (or proposed) to address gender pay inequality in the workplace

This post was also contributed by Ebru Tirel, Trainee, Norton Rose Fulbright LLP (Munich).

In Germany, “Equal Pay Day” is widely observed. It marks the day from which women are deemed to start to earn wages in that calendar year, where men have started to earn wages since January 1st. This year, Equal Pay Day was on 19 March.

According to a report of the German Federal Statistical Office DESTATIS dated 16 March 2016 regarding the gender pay gap in 2015, women earn 21 percent less than men. This inequality is due to various factors: Women often choose professions in … Continue Reading

(Night-)Time is Money

Even though, unarguably, few employees would give up a good night’s sleep in order to work night shifts, operational necessity often dictates otherwise. Certain businesses can only remain competitive and survive in the market if they require their employees to work during night-time. Parcel services, bakeries and hospitals are just a few examples of businesses where working night shifts seems to be an absolute necessity.
Under German law, employees may be required to work during night hours (defined by law as from 11 p.m. to 6 a.m.), provided that a works council (if any) has been involved and any collective … Continue Reading

What protection do employees have against discrimination on grounds of gender in France?

Discrimination based on an employee’s gender is a sensitive topic in France as, in spite of the numerous laws voted with the intention of tackling this issue, the national institute of statistics and information about economy recently disclosed that the global gap in average remuneration between men and women was still approximately 19% in 2013, although on the basis of equivalent positions and conditions (business sector, age, employment category, working conditions), the gap was around 10%. The good news however, is that the gap is narrowing each year.

Employees’ protection against discrimination based on gender is principally ensured through the … Continue Reading

Equal job, equal pay (and equal pay increase)

The legal context

Remuneration is a fairly sensitive matter in France. Although the determination of the level of remuneration of employees is not strictly regulated (only minimum levels of remuneration are provided by the law and by the relevant collective bargaining agreement), the freedom of employers is limited by the “equal job, equal pay” principle and by the prohibition of discrimination on remuneration.

More specifically, case law now requires that variable pay based on performance should be set on the basis of objective criteria and calculation methods fixed at the beginning of the relevant performance period, and communicated clearly in … Continue Reading

Fatter paychecks for employees, tough decisions for employers

On June 30, 2015, the U.S. Department of Labor issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) that will significantly increase the number of employees entitled to receive overtime pay for work in excess of 40 hours during a regular workweek. Once implemented, the new rule is estimated to affect at least 5 million full-time employees by raising the minimum salary required to qualify for the Fair Labor Standards Act’s “white collar” exemptions from $23,600 to $50,440 per year.

The proposed rule follows a directive from President Obama in March of 2014 to Labor Secretary Thomas Perez that the Department of … Continue Reading

Canada Day Reminder: New holiday rules under the Canada Labour Code

With Canada Day fast approaching, it is an opportune time to remind employers within the federal jurisdiction of the new requirements under the Canada Labour Code for the calculation of general holiday pay.

Changes to the “general holidays” provisions under the Canada Labour Code and the Canada Labour Standards Regulations came into force on March 16, 2015 and apply to federally-regulated industries, such as banking, aeronautics, railway, shipping, interprovincial transportation, telecommunications, broadcasting, and federal Crown corporations. These amendments change both the eligibility criteria for general holidays as well as the calculation of holiday pay.

Eligibility

These changes remove the requirement … Continue Reading

Duty of fairness extends to performance file for Government employee

A recent decision of the Federal Court has affirmed the importance of a Federal government employee’s right to procedural fairness.

The dispute centred around whether an employee, in appealing his annual performance review, was entitled to see documents explaining his appraisal. The employer, a federal agenct, utilized what is often referred to as a “pay-at-risk” performance rating system. Under this system, an employee’s performance rating is used to determine the amount of their annual bonus, or “performance award”.

Upon receiving a negative performance rating, the employee appealed to his direct supervisor and then to the Assistant Deputy Minister. Both appeals … Continue Reading

Rechtsprechungsänderung: Keine Urlaubskürzung wegen Elternzeit nach Beendigung des Arbeitsverhältnisses

Das Bundesarbeitsgericht änderte mit Urteil vom 19.05.2015 seine Rechtsprechung zur Kürzung von Urlaubsansprüchen, die während einer Elternzeit entstehen.

Grundsätzlich entsteht auch während einer Elternzeit eines Arbeitnehmers ein Urlaubsanspruch. Endet das Arbeitsverhältnis nach Ablauf der Elternzeit, steht dem Arbeitnehmer ein Abgeltungsanspruch für den nicht genommenen Urlaub in Geld zu.

Das bedeutet beispielsweise, dass der Arbeitnehmer, der während des gesamten Kalenderjahres in Elternzeit war und dessen Arbeitsverhältnis nach Ablauf der Elternzeit endet, grundsätzlich einen Anspruch auf Abgeltung des vollen Jahresurlaubsanspruchs hat.

Nach der gesetzlichen Regelung (vgl. § 17 BEEG) darf ein Arbeitgeber den Erholungsurlaub aber um 1/12 für jeden vollen Monat der … Continue Reading

What rights do employees have to a minimum wage in Germany?

As from 1 January 2015, a minimum wage of € 8.50 has been introduced for the first time in Germany – this generally applies to all employees. However, there are some exceptions. For example, the minimum wage does not have to be paid to interns on a mandatory internship, apprentices, adolescents under the age of 18 without a completed apprenticeship, voluntary workers or former long-term unemployed people during the first six months of a new employment.

The amount of € 8.50 refers to the “normal performance” of the employee meaning that additional payments such as surcharges for night employment have … Continue Reading

Employment Equity Act amended : The wait is finally over

The amendments to the Employment Equity Act will finally come into operation this Friday, 1 August 2014.

On Friday, the law regulating employment equity and discrimination as we know it will change considerably.  We previously alerted you to these changes:

The beneficiaries of affirmative action (designated groups) will be limited to black people, women and people with disabilities who are citizens of South Africa by birth or descent;

  • Employees will be able to launch unfair discrimination claims if employers pay employees different wages, salaries or benefits or if employers impose different terms and conditions of employment on employees who perform
Continue Reading

Variable remuneration: French language is mandatory

The legal background

One of the main concerns of a business is to ensure its employees’ commitment and to encourage employees’ initiatives in order to fuel innovations and business growth. This is one of the reasons which motivates companies to pay their employees variable remuneration based on their performance.

Such remuneration is generally permitted under French employment law provided that it is based on objective criteria beyond the sole control of the employer, does not result in payment below the minimum wage and complies with the general principle of equal pay for equal work.

The applicable case law also requires … Continue Reading

Variable remuneration: a motivational tool to use with caution

It is common practice for companies to pay their employees a variable remuneration based on their performance. Such remuneration has become an increasingly popular component of employee compensation as it constitutes a very effective way of ensuring employee commitment.

French case law permits such remuneration but lays down strict conditions to be complied with. Consequently, variable pay is acceptable provided that such remuneration is based on objective criteria beyond the sole control of the employer, does not result in payment below the minimum wage and complies with the general principle of equal work for equal pay.

It is tempting for … Continue Reading

Zero-hours contracts in the UK

This post was contributed by Poppy Pritchard.

The use of zero-hours contracts has attracted much controversy in the UK, after it emerged recently that the number of workers on zero-hours contracts may be up to four times the official figure. These contracts are particularly unpopular with trade unions and the Labour party is calling for them to be banned. The UK Government responded to widespread public concern over the prevalence of zero-hours contracts by launching a review into their use. This review has recently concluded and has identified key areas for concern. The UK Government has since announced that it … Continue Reading

Venezuela’s minimum wage increase to be implemented by employers

Venezuela’s minimum salary for the day shift is Bs. 2,702.73 as of September 1, 2013, which represents the 10% increase established in Article 1 b) of the Minimum Wage Decree Nº 30 (Decree).

This Decree came into effect on April 30, 2013 and its general implications were commented by Juan Carlos Pró-Rísquez, Esther Cecilia ”Kelly” Blondet and Norah Chafardet Grimaldi in their article Minimum salary increase in Venezuela, which also outlined minimum salary rates for public and private sector workers as well as adolescents and apprentices.

Current minimum part-time salary

Articles 6 of the Decree and 172 of … Continue Reading

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